Water Issues in Sustainable Development

Clean water and sanitation are basic human needs. One of the points in the goal of sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the environmental sector is to ensure that communities achieve universal access to clean water and sanitation. The SDGs High-Level Panel held in 2012 calls on countries around the world to achieve this by 2030. The issue is important in the midst of a private privatization. The state that is supposed to be present to provide clean water for the needs of citizens actually throws its responsibility on the corporation. Currently, about 60 percent of residents rely on bottled drinking water for daily consumption. Several Asian countries such as China, India, including Indonesia, have become major markets for bottled water. The World Bank in 2014 warned 780 million people do not have access to clean water and more than 2 billion inhabitants of the earth do not have access to sanitation. As a result, thousands of lives drift every day and material losses of up to 7 percent of the world’s GDP. You must be able to imagine how important water is in life and how important you are to have water sanitation.

Based on data from Central Bureau of Statistics 2013, only 67 percent of people get clean water services and 59 percent get proper sanitation. In fact, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) target 69 percent for water supply and 62 percent for sanitation. In 2010, government spending on water and sanitation was even better than Cambodia. Clean water and proper sanitation are basic human needs, but state spending for this sector is low.